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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 432-436

Comparative study of mouth exercise program and with combination of ultrasound therapy in temporomandibular disorder

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sambhana Sailaja
Associate Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Afzalgunj, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaomr.jiaomr_176_21

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Introduction: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are multifactorial, with several clinical presentations. The treatment is extensive and diverse, involving several therapies. Objectives: To evaluate and compare the combination of ultrasound therapy and mouth exercise with a mouth exercise program alone on pain and pain-free maximum mouth opening (inter-incisal distance) in TMD patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients who were clinically diagnosed with TMDs were equally divided into two groups. VAS score and pain-free mouth opening were recorded before and during the treatment for four weeks in all the patients. Results: Statistical analysis revealed a mean difference of 0.33 ± 0.09, 0.47 ± 0.01 in the VAS score in ultrasound with physiotherapy and physiotherapy alone. The pre- and post-treatment change in mean mouth opening (MMO) was 2.60 ± 0.21, 0.30 ± 0.87 in ultrasound with physiotherapy group and 0.27 ± 0.23, 0.20 ± 0.03 in the physiotherapy group alone, respectively. These differences in VAS score and mouth opening were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Both treatment modalities were effective in giving symptomatic relief, but ultrasound therapy with mouth exercises outstands showed better results in reducing pain and improving joint function.

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