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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 171-175

Oral health condition and complications in pediatric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy – A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, MNR Dental College and Hospital, Sangareddy, Telangana, India
2 Pediatric Dentist, Nagarjun Super Speciality Dental Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Pediatric Dentist, Tharun Super Speciality Dental Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Afzalgunj, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
V Pranitha
Professor and Head, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, MNR Dental College and Hospital, Sangareddy; B 509, Magnum Opus Apartment, Gachibowli, Hyderabad - 500 032, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaomr.jiaomr_271_21

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Background: Better knowledge of the prevalence of oral complications in children with malignancy improves oral health through an interdisciplinary approach between oncologists and pediatric dentists. Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of oral health status in pediatric cancer patients to palliate and relieve the discomfort. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in a cancer hospital in Hyderabad for 10 days. 158 patients aged [1-15 yrs] diagnosed with malignancy and receiving chemotherapy were selected and evaluated with a self-validated questionnaire followed by oral examination. Results: The data collected was processed and analyzed using the SPSS22 version [Corporation (IBM), Washington, DC., USA]. Mucositis 47% was the most common complication, followed by gingivitis 23.9%, xerostomia 12%, oral pain 11.6%, herpes 3%, and candidiasis 1.8%. Conclusion: Oral care of pediatric cancer patients is of critical importance in maintaining the patient's overall well-being, which can be achieved by a systematic approach at different stages of treatment.


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