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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 385-390

Awareness towards forensic dentistry - A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Pacific Dental College and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Community Health Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pacific Dental College and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sneha R Sharma
Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Pacific Dental College and Hospital, Udaipur (313024), Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaomr.jiaomr_211_21

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Background: Forensic odontology is a vital branch of dentistry which applies the knowledge of dentistry mainly for age and gender estimation, person identification and the identification from human remains. The role of a general dentist towards forensics is crucial for medicolegal cases. Aim: The aim of the study was to scrutinize the awareness and approach of dental fraternity namely Interns, Postgraduate students and practicing clinicians towards forensic odontology. Methods and Material: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1,860 participants, divided according to age and educational qualifications. Data was collected digitally using Google forms. Descriptive analysis were performed to describe frequencies and percentages. Chi-square test was used to analyze statistical significance. Results: 97% of the total participants maintained dental records, with only 13.4% maintaining complete records. Maximum participants were unaware of the duration for which patient records should be maintained. The significance of patient radiographs was known to 71.6% participants. 72% were vigilant of the implication of maintaining dental records in identification of the deceased. 57% knew about radiographic methods used for age estimation. 47.74% gave a response that DNA comparison has the maximum accuracy to ascertain the identity of an individual. 46.7% had the knowledge about formal training centers of forensic odontology in India. Conclusion: The present study revealed partial lack of knowledge, awareness and information of forensic odontology among the participants. Amongst all participants, the highest responses were noted amongst students and younger age group.


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