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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 271-275

Diagnostic reporting of calcified carotid atheroma in digital panoramic radiograph – A retrospective study


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Iswarya Kathiresan
Post Graduate Student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Tamilnadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai - 600 003, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaomr.jiaomr_215_20

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Context: Cerebrovascular disease remains one of the leading causes of death in many countries. Aim: To evaluate the presence of calcified carotid atheroma in digital panoramic radiographs, thereby referring the patients to cardiology for early management and prevention of stroke. Settings and Design: Hospital- based, cross- sectional retrospective study. Materials and Methods: The study design included 1000 digital panoramic radiographs taken for the needful patients in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology for a period of one year from November 2018 to October 2019. Two examiners (experienced maxillofacial radiologists) evaluated the presence of calcified carotid atheroma in panoramic radiographs. Results: Out of 1000 digital panoramic radiographs, 39 panoramic radiographs were found to have the presence of calcified carotid atheroma, of which 9 were male and 30 were female panoramic radiographs. The prevalence was found to be higher in the age group between 45 to 54 years. Conclusion: Panoramic radiographs help to assess the presence of calcified carotid atheromas. Careful evaluation of panoramic radiographs by maxillofacial radiologists for carotid atheromas could be life-saving in the prevention of stroke.


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