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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 68-72

Nikolsky's sign - A clinical method to evaluate damage at epidermal-dermal junction

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Modern Dental College and Research Center, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhishek G Soni
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Modern Dental College and Research Center, Indore - 453 112, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaomr.jiaomr_95_17

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Soft tissues of the oral cavity are often affected by various mucocutaneous disorders of variable etiology, affecting both the skin and mucosae, with severe clinical manifestations such as blisters involving the tissues; and therefore their appropriate management relies on their correct diagnosis. Clinical signs to elicit characteristics of blisters are a crucial part of the examination of patients with such disorders. It is therefore essential for clinicians to be familiar with, or rather be expert at eliciting these signs to frame an accurate diagnosis, since proper treatment and follow-up will depend on which disease is involved. The Nikolsky's sign is one such sign that can be helpful in the clinical diagnosis of pemphigus group of disease and differentiating it from other blistering dermatoses. This review gives an overview of sign of Nikolsky and other related sign, its clinical presentation and their diagnostic implications, using PubMed and Medline databases searching for articles written in English. Peer-reviewed articles were targeted using the keywords “Nikolsky's sign”, “mucocutaneous disorders” and “pemphigus”. Available full-text articles were read, and related articles were also scrutinized and finally the search was subsequently refined to articles concerning to “Nikolsky's sign”. It was concluded that early recognition of these signs are necessary to prevent delayed diagnosis and for early institution of appropriate treatment of these potentially serious mucosal and dermatological diseases.

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