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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 273-277

Determination of Proximity of Mandibular Third Molar to Mandibular Canal Using Panoramic Radiography and Cone-beam Computed Tomography

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dayanand Sagar College of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Karnataka Lingayat Education Society's Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Praveen Birur
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Karnataka Lingayat Education Society's Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaomr.jiaomr_53_17

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Objectives: Position of inferior alveolar canal with respect to an impacted third molar reveals certain radiographic signs, but three-dimensional relationship to the canal can be provided with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The purpose of this study was to determine which radiographic signs on panoramic radiography indicate a true relationship on CBCT. Materials and Methods: Forty samples with signs or symptoms of impacted mandibular third molar and panoramic radiograph showing signs of a close relationship with the mandibular canal as described by Félez-Gutiérrez et al. were included in the study and subjected to CBCT. Radiographic signs on panoramic radiography were compared with the relationship on CBCT. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test. Results: Twenty-one samples (52.5%) showed darkening of the apex, which was the most frequent type of radiographic sign of a close relationship on panoramic radiography. Twenty-three samples (57.5%) revealed a true relationship on CBCT. Darkening of the apex and narrowing of the canal were the signs most frequently associated with a true relationship. On CBCT, coronal and axial sections better predicted a true relationship. Conclusion: This study showed that the presence of any of the radiographic signs cannot definitely predict a true relationship; however, the presence of a close sign on panoramic radiography is often associated with a true relationship to the canal.

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