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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 242-245

Retrospective panoramic radiographic analysis for idiopathic osteosclerosis in Indians

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sri Hasanamba Dental College and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Srikanth H Srivathsa
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sri Hasanamba Dental College and Hospital, Vidyanagar, Hassan, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-1363.195660

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Introduction: Idiopathic osteosclerosis is an area of increased radiodensity observed on panoramic radiographs. The prevalence of this entity is not known, especially in Indians. Aims and Objectives: To determine the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of idiopathic osteosclerosis. Materials and Methods: Six hundred and forty panoramic radiographs were retrospectively analyzed for the presence of idiopathic osteosclerosis by a single trained oral radiologist. Statistical Analysis: The data obtained were analyzed using Microsoft Excel (Version 2007) for Windows. Results: Idiopathic osteosclerosis was identified in 32 individuals with a prevalence of 5%. There were 21 female (65.7%) and 11 male (34.3%) participants. There were 31 single, unilateral (96.85%) osteosclerotic lesions and 1 (3.15%) bilateral lesion. Right side localization was noted in 19 participants (57.57%) and left side localization in 14 participants (42.42%). Conclusion: This study illustrates the prevalence of idiopathic osteosclerosis in Indians. Further, it depicts the characteristics of idiopathic osteosclerotic lesions.

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