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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 216-220

Leprosy Specific Orofacial Aspects

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, AJ Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Vathsala Naik
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, AJ Institute of Dental Sciences, Kuntikana, Mangalore-575004, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1131

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Leprosy is a chronic infection caused by Mycobactenum leprae, GHA- Hansen first identified the organism in 1873, so called Hansen disease. Mycobacterium leprae is a bacillus that presents a peculiar tropism for the skin and peripheral nerves. The upper airway has a great importance as a route of M. Leprae infection. The clinical spectrum of leprosy ranges from the tuberculoid form (TT) to the disseminative and progressive lepromatous form (LL). Cell-mediated immunity is considered to be the crucial defence against the disease and the magnitude of this immunity defines the extent of the disease- Facial lesions in leprosy can occur in all form of the disease and also in lepra reaction, oral lesions are rare but, when present, occur in the lepromatous form

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