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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-38

Role of Imaging in Dental Implants

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Rajnandgaon Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Divya Kalra
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, 48/9 J, Medical Campus, Rohtak-1 24001, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Dental implants have become an accepted form of permanent tooth replacement. Nearly all implants currently being placed are of the osseointegrated type. These typically consist of three parts: a fixture, an abutment and a screw or threaded rod. The fixture, usually composed of titanium, can be placed in either a surgically created site in the alveolar ridge or a fresh extraction socket. Diagnostic imaging can play an important role in evaluating patients with such implants. Useful imaging studies include plain panoramic radiography, computed tomography, and computer-reformatted cross-sectional, panoramic, and three-dimensional imaging. Advanced imaging studies can be used to determine the suitability of implant placement, appropriate sites for implant placement, the size of the implant that can be placed, and the need for preimplantation ridge surgery. Postoperatively, advanced imaging studies can show failure of an endosseous implant to osseointegrate, improper placement of an implant, and violation of important structures. This paper gives a brief insight into the various imaging modalities, which have been applied in implantology.

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